Small Eastern University (SEU), until recently, had only one faculty member who used live vertebrate animals in her Public Health Service (PHS)-funded research. Dr. Smith collaborates with colleagues at nearby Great Eastern University (GEU). Her animals are housed in GEU’s animal facility where the animal work is conducted. Accordingly, GEU staff care for Dr. Smith’s research animals, her animal work is covered under GEU’s assurance with the Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW), and her experiments are reviewed and approved by the GEU IACUC.