## ABSTRACT

This chapter discusses several applications of the formalism of theory of quantum mechanics. The time-independent Schrodinger equation is applied to understand simple quantum systems such as a free particle, a particle in an infinite square well, step potentials, potential barrier and finite square well. The chapter deals with the simplest case, a free particle. It is the most elementary application of the formalism. A free particle means that no forces are acting on the particle, and hence, there is no interaction between the particle and its environment. According to classical mechanics, a free particle moves with a constant velocity along a straight line. The energy of the wave associated with the free quantum particle is same as that of the classical free particle. The chapter describes a quantum free particle as a wave packet traveling in space and time. It discusses a quantum particle under the influence of a force.