In all the applications of the formalism of quantum theory, we have considered mainly time-independent potential functions, V(r, t) = V(r). Such potentials made it easier to solve exactly the Schrodinger's equation or by solving the Schrodinger's equation approximately by using perturbation theory. The solution of the Schrodinger equation for time-independent potentials is obtained by using method of separable variables. The solution of time-independent Schrodinger gives stationary states, and the time dependence of the wave function is obtained by adding a phase factor to the stationary state. The schematic that follows describes such an approach (Figure 7.1).