During the economic boom of the 1960s and 1970s, a sort of technophobia, often identified with Western cultures, stimulated the production of sci-fi movies, especially referred to androids, many of which were widely exported abroad. At the same time, the fortune of monster figures from both the West and traditional folklore continued. The latest animation genre of this period, reaching its peak of popularity from the 1980s, is associated with the image of young girls in epic, mysterious, magic and openly erotic—even pornographic—contexts. Meanwhile, independent animation gave birth to some of the more renewed authors of nowadays, especially the “magician of form” Yamamura Kōji, while the experimentations by Tezuka Osamu still continued to be loved all around the world.