Fisheries Development And The Malay Peasant
DOI link for Fisheries Development And The Malay Peasant
Fisheries Development And The Malay Peasant book
The main part of this book has been a study of the fishing industry in one comparatively small area in Kelantan. But it has wider implications. The villages selected for analysis represent a microcosm of Malay fishing. As Chapter II has shown, variations in equipment and methods of fishing along the east coast of the peninsula are considerable, and there is a tendency for different types to dominate at different centres. At Perupok and on the Bachok coast generally lift-netting and gill-netting are most prominent; off the estuaries of the Kelantan, Besut, Trengganu and Kemaman Rivers a purse seine (pukat payang) plays a very important par t ; while on much of the open Trengganu coast the ordinary seine is the principal net. But though proximity to fresh-fish markets, the presence of Chinese middlemen, and other factors also tend to influence local conditions, the general organization of production and marketing is similar everywhere, and it would seem that levels of output and the average and range of incomes tend to be much the same at most areas along the coast. The frequent movements of fishermen from one area to another to take advantage of seasonal and other fluctuations of fishing help to maintain such an equilibrium. On the west coast of the peninsula conditions differ more, and incomes may be generally higher ; they are definitely so for some specialized groups, as the Chinese ring-net fishers of Pangkor. Yet even in the west, as far as the Malay fishermen are concerned, much that has been said of the east coast probably applies in main principle.