The Second World War necessitated the call up of vast numbers of young men from school and university to serve as officers in the British and Indian Armies. Older men were taken out of developing careers. After an initial period of training, they were commissioned and often sent long distances to join their units. They were responsible for the lives of the men under them. In the case of the Indian Army, this meant responsibility for sepoys from a different culture. They experienced many privations and were made both to witness and carry out all the appalling acts which characterize war. After hostilities were officially over, they were sent to Indonesia, a country in a state of political upheaval, to fight in a guerrilla war. Once again, atrocities, exhaustion, privation, fear and anxiety were commonplace. In speaking to some of them today, there is a strong sense that their experiences, first in Burma and then in Indonesia, took their youth from them and left them saddened and embittered.