In the last chapter it was proposed that we should examine the philosophical foundations of democracy by attempting to solve a series of problems. These problems are posed by the relations between democracy and other things of value. Each of these intermediate values, as they were called in the last chapter, will be considered in turn. Each poses its own problem. The problem with which we begin goes right back to the first thought about democracy, as described in Chapter II. Knowledge is clearly something we take to be of value. We want our political decisions to be informed. If one answer is better than another for a community making a decision, then that answer is the one which the community ought to reach. Therefore, it would seem that the right form of decision procedure for that community should be the onewhich produces thatanswer. Yet thisdoes not reliably happen with democratic decision procedures.