This book is an analysis of political dynamics in Iraq from its inception as a separate political entity in 1921 until 1958, when the old system was overthrown and new revolutionary forces came to power. The idea for the book arose from a need to understand better some of the events in the history of Iraq that look like recidivistic problems when viewed from an historical perspective. This book is therefore a search in Iraq’s past in order to understand its present better. This search was undertaken by using two parallel methods, namely, reassessing previous approaches to Iraq as a society and correcting some of the historical misconceptions that had led to many errors in the present. With these two methods in mind, I tried to offer a different image of Iraq, one in which its complex web of social, ethnic and religious connections can be seen more clearly.