The barrio in the modern era has proven wholly inadequate in addressing the housing demands of Latinas/os during the past twenty-five years. The demographic and social forces, addressed in the previous chapter, exposed the spatial limitations within the context of a population explosion that has transformed suburban culture in the cities of the Southwest. The demand for quality housing, which could only be achieved through out-migration, created the impetus for a new arena of multi-ethnic urbanism in the region. Increased expendable income, the result of a social policy triad of college opportunity, affirmative action, and legal challenges to employment discrimination, increased housing opportunities to a level that could only be envisioned optimistically a decade earlier.