In order to examine the extent of Japanese economic power in relation to North Korea, the procedure will be to follow Chapter 2 and to investigate in turn each of the components of economic power: production, finance, trade, communications, energy, and aid. A brief description of each of these components in the North Korean economy and their levels of vulnerability is given – as judged by the factors of resilience, adjustment, substitution, and availability. This analysis is then dovetailed with one of the links between the North Korean and Japanese components of power to reveal the areas where Japanese direct and indirect economic power can be brought to bear to assist in a resolution of the North Korean security problem.