FEUDAL LORDS AND VILLAGE POTENTATES
DOI link for FEUDAL LORDS AND VILLAGE POTENTATES
FEUDAL LORDS AND VILLAGE POTENTATES book
In his celebrated essay ‘Invertebrate Spain’ (1921), Ortega y Gasset lamented the lack of a Spanish feudalism equivalent to that of medieval France or England. Instead of a hierarchy of power and authority, stretching down from the throne to the people, this frontier nation had developed as a cluster of autonomous corporations-military brotherhoods, city states-with strong local roots. Admirably democratic in some ways, this system had generated perpetual tensions between centre and periphery, and left both the society and its culture very fragmented.