This chapter does not deal with a distinct Turkic people whose

past history, present habitat, numbers and social organization

could be described with any degree of precision. The 'Outside

Turks'--refugees of Turkic or presumed Turkish origin and their

descendants--settled inside the borders of the Republic of

Turkey, are dispersed allover its territory and have been to a

large extent absorbed into a homogenized modern Turkish nation.

However, the author is dealing here not with the modern nation

but with some of its constituent members of territorially