I N THE book of the prophet Daniel we read of Nebuchad-nezzar that 'he walked in the palace of the kingdom ofBabylon. The king spake and said "Is not this greatBabylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power and for the honour of my majesty?" , and the prophet's description was fully justified. So was the king's boast. In 700 B.C. Babylon was by far the greatest walled city that the world has ever known, and Nebuchadnezzar had built it. He swept away all the works of his predecessors and set up in their place his enormous buildings; the modern excavators were hard put to it to find, under the deeply sunk foundations of the uppermost level, anything that was older than Nebuchadnezzar; over a space of more than ten square miles virtually every building was due to him. And his activities were not confined to the capital; at Dr also he embarked on an ambitious programme which seems to have aimed at the reconstruction of the entire city.