D R LIES about half-way between Baghdad and thehead of the Persian Gulf, some ten miles west of thepresent course of the Euphrates. A mile and a halfto the east of the ruins runs the single line of railway whichjoins Basra to the capital of Iraq, and between the rail and the river there is sparse cultivation and little villages of mud huts or reed-mat shelters are dotted here and there; but westwards of the line is desert blank and unredeemed. Out of this waste rise the mounds which were Ur, called by the Arabs after the highest of them all, the Ziggurat hill, 'Tal al Muqayyar', the Mound of Pitch.