ABSTRACT

The study of contributions of rap music is an important issue because it may be a highly effective tool to communicate with adolescents and young adults (Elligan, 2004; Tyson, 2003; Stokes & Gant, 2002). Although rap music has become the most popular music among adolescents and young adults in the United States and throughout the world (Farley, 1999), we know little about attitudes and perceptions people have towards this controversial art form. The increased significance in popular culture has led to a growing body of both conceptual and empirical research on rap music (Dixon & Brooks, 2002; Dixon & Linz, 1997; Lewis, Thompson, Celious, & Brown, 2002; Tyson, 2002). Negative attitudes and perceptions of rap music also appear to have received considerable attention in empirical research (Dixon & Brooks, 2002; Lewis et al., 2002; Lynxwiler & Gay, 2000; Tyson, 2002). Despite these criticisms of rap music, there have been limited reports (e.g., Kuwahara, 1992) with a specific focus of assessing positive attitudes towards rap music. More important, rigorous studies that have systematically investigated overall attitudes and perceptions of rap music are absent from the literature. A consequence of this gap in research is that a reliable and valid scale that measures attitudes and perceptions of rap music does not exist. Therefore, the development of a measure that assesses constructs

of rap music attitudes and perceptions would be a significant contribution to the growing body of research on rap music.