Fully to understand and critically analyze the contributions Anna Julia Cooper and Nannie Helen Burroughs made to education requires an examination of the social historical conditions, problems, and issues related to the education of African Americans in general and for Black women in particular. This historical overview will examine the following: (1) the history of Black education prior to Emancipation and after the Civil War; (2) the educational ideologies during the post-Reconstruction years; (3) the educational ideologies of William E. B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington and their impact or influence on the education for Black females and; (4) the development of education for African American women.