In advanced capitalist countries many aspects of economic, and especially social, life have been determined for decades by the state. Within Soviet socio-economic literature, authors describe a system state-monopolistic capitalism, and in western texts, the 'welfare state' is discussed. Without judging between the two 'terms', the differences in these approaches can be seen: an economic focus in the East, and socio-political one in the West. The solution of regional socio-economic problems has always been an important component of state intervention in the West. In political declarations and scientific publications it has been called 'regional policy', although the understanding of this term differs greatly between various authors and frequently includes an unjustifiably large part of state activity.