All pupi ls in England and Wa les have to s it statutory examinations in English at 14 and again at 16. AI 14 (Year 9) the Key Stage 3 statutory assess ment tests (SATS) are read ing and writing tests. AI 16 (Year 11 ) the GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) has separate papers in Engli sh language (reading. writing and comprehension) and literature.