Seeking a wider and more useful life
DOI link for Seeking a wider and more useful life
Seeking a wider and more useful life book
John Nolen was born in 1869 to parents of German descent, John and Matilda Nolen.1 His father ran a hotel and tavern and was actively involved in local politics. In 1870, when John was only a year old, his father was killed in a courtroom scuffl e over the recount of a contested election return. The election fi gured in a larger battle over corruption in the municipal government of Philadelphia. The elder Nolen opposed the Gas Works Ring, as the corrupt Republican party city managers were known.2 After the death of his father, both of John’s sisters died of childhood illnesses and his mother remarried in 1876 when he was seven. John was subsequently sent to board at the Girard School and he and his mother were not reunited until her second husband died.