UNITES, and the ITPF before it, were both new union ventures in India and both received support from European trade unions to facilitate their formation and growth. The Young Professionals Collective, on the other hand, was an indigenous project that was established by activists and lawyers who sought to build a network of call center workers. In Canada, the United Steelworkers has since the late 1990s branched out, with mixed success, into call centers and the service sector generally. These examples suggest that unions, both new and old, are undergoing a transformation because of the development of a global division of knowledge labor. Outsourcing, off - shoring, and subcontracting are all part of the process of global economic and technological change. Chapter 7 explores the cases of Union Network International (UNI) and Workers Uniting, two relative new international trade union initiatives that are exploring new approaches to building global unionism. But how new is this concern over the impacts a globalized economy can have on the relationship between capital and labor?