This book argued that Ghazālī’s politics rests on an ontological theoretical basis. Its basic strategy has been to consider how Ghazālī relates to matters of law and politics in the light of recent and influential developments in studies on law, and to provide thereby an account of what politics truly is for Ghazālī – a description of the essential nature of the human being and the body politic from a Muslim perspective. In this analysis, Ghazālī does not present a ‘theory’ of kingship or of the ‘state’ as such. Rather, he raises political questions from a particular understanding of political behaviour that is based both on rational utilitarian efficacy and the claims of revelation, while neither of these two foundations cancels out the significance of the other.