ABSTRACT

Research on the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions has progressed over the last four decades, and, with the development of the “evidencebased” movement in psychology, many clinicians have sought training in mindful ness and incorporated it into their practice. There have been few books (Germer, Siegel, & Fulton, 2005; Hick & Bien, 2008; Shapiro & Carlson, 2009) that explicitly discuss different areas of application for which the practice of mindfulness can be applied in clinical interactions. Shapiro and Carlson (2009) and Germer et al. (2005) both suggest that mindfulness mani fests in therapy as mindfulness-informed therapy, in which the philo sophical principles of mindfulness can be applied to therapy; mindfulness-based therapy, in which therapists explicitly teach their clients formal and informal mind fulness techniques they can employ to cope with daily stressors; and therapist mindfulness, in which the therapist him or herself practices mind fulness in order to build therapeutic presence, develop self-awareness, and practice self-care. Of these three areas, mindfulness-based interventions have over whelmingly received the most attention (Baer, 2006) in the field, followed by an increased awareness of therapist mindfulness (Hick & Bien, 2008; Siegel, 2010). Because of our current paradigm’s focus on proving inter ventions to be efficacious, one consequence has been a culture of using mindfulness in therapy simply as a “technique” (i.e., a solution to a problem) and rarely anything more. And although mindfulness as a technique is positive (e.g., this technique has proven helpful for many populations) and an integral part of the intersection between mindfulness and therapy, it is only one aspect of the mindfulness model of therapy that I present within these pages.