Against the background of the extensive discussion on the formulation and features of the land distribution programme of the Digvijay Singh government presented in the earlier two chapters, we move now to an analysis of its implementation based on fieldwork in four selected districts in MP: Morena, Gwalior, Shivpuri and Rajgarh. Our study focused upon three aspects of the land distribution policy during the fieldwork: first, the actual amount of land distributed in the sample villages and the difficulties encountered such as encroachment, lack of pattas, quality of land and problems in providing the selected beneficiaries actual possession of land; second, the nature and amount of support provided to beneficiaries through Green Cards and other mechanisms, as without such help much of the land distributed could not be cultivated; and third, social conflicts, violence against dalits and the extensive litigation arising out of the distribution of land in the selected districts.