On the limits and limitations of Marxism
DOI link for On the limits and limitations of Marxism
On the limits and limitations of Marxism book
From the beginning any examination of Marxism is likely to encounter and to promote controversy, for Marxism is a veritable cauldron of interpretations and schools of thought. There may have been only one 'biographical' Marx, but the literature abounds with conceptions of the 'total', 'early', 'mature', 'scientific' or 'humanist' Marx. In addition, there are a plethora of clearly differentiated Marxisms, although not quite, as one commentator would have it, 'almost as many Marxisms as there are Marxists' (Bobbio, 1979a, p. 193). However, underlying the cultural and epistemological differences manifested in the form of several national Marxisms (e. g. Austro-Marxism, English Marxism, etc.) and a variety of rigorously differentiated schools of Marxist thought (e.g. 'humanist' Marxism, 'structuralist' Marxism) there are specific common features, reference points and predicaments. My attention will be directed to these more general elements and conditions and will be focused in particular upon the contemporary diagnosis of a 'crisis of Marxism'.