Reaction, revision and criticism
DOI link for Reaction, revision and criticism
Reaction, revision and criticism book
At the heart of the contemporary crisis of Marxism is the question of the relationship between Marxist discourse and socialist political practice. The tendency has been for this question to be reformulated in terms of an examination of the relationship between Marxist theory and analysis and the reality of the societies of actually existing socialism. There have been a series of quite different responses to the question of the relationship bet ween Marxist discourse, political practice and its effects. These have ranged from attempts by dissident intellectuals in Eastern Europe to disentangle and then to dissociate an 'authentic' Marxism from the reality of life within the societies of actually existing socialism, to the assertions of the 'new philosophers' that Marx is dead and that the socialism made in his name is equivalent to a form of totalitarianism (cf. Levy, 1979; Glucksmann, 1980). Between these two diametrically opposed positions there are a variety of 'Eurocommunist' reformulations of Marxist theory and political strategy, derived in large part from the work of Gramsci, and in addition Foucault's construction of a new form of critical analysis.