ABSTRACT

After the elections to Swedish parliament in September 1994, the parliamentary majority of liberal and conservative parties ended with a victory of the Social-Democratic Party, the Socialist Party (Vänsterpartiet), and the Green Party (Miljöpartiet). In October 1994, Ingvar Carlsson, the leader of the Social-Democratic Party, was elected prime minister of a social-democratic minority government. Contrasts between the social-democratic government and the liberal-conservative government became obvious already in the Motion 1993/94: Fi208, in which the Social-Democratic Party attacked the then liberal-conservative government for its insuffi cient management of the economic and unemployment crises. The Social-Democratic Party positioned itself as the contender of a new politics for Sweden’s reunifi cation. The liberal-conservative government was observed as the cause of a general societal crisis symbolized by Sweden’s emerging binary division between the unemployed and socially disadvantaged groups, on the one hand, and growing export enterprises and the group of the employed, on the other hand.