The term ‘green criminology’ fi rst emerged in the early 1990s to describe a critical and sustained approach to the study of environmental crime (Lynch, 1990 ; South, 1998a and b ). This chapter introduces the reader to green criminology and the different ways in which researchers and scholars examine issues pertaining to environmental crimes and harms. It outlines the distinctive features of green criminology, the main concepts and foci of analysis and the ongoing debates that mark its further and continuing development as a bona fi de perspective within criminology.