The purpose of this chapter is to provide an outline of possible ways in which environmental crime can be understood and analysed. Green criminology generally adopts a stance toward the defi nitions and complexities of environmental harm that is critical and interpretive. Not all things are as they seem, and part of the mandate of green criminology is to unpack the nature and dynamics of environmental crime by exploring the spatial and temporal dimensions of such crime. Above all, the concern is with who or what has been harmed, and how and why this takes place.