ABSTRACT

This chapter offers a systematic overview of the kind of processes that usually, and rather intuitively, go by the name of activist planning. A scheme for classifying activist modes of planning is shown, and examples are given, while a more detailed analysis of the categories appears in Chapter 4. The present chapter is needed as a stepping stone to get from the rather abstract acknowledgement that political transaction cost alteration is required, to more concrete suggestions of how this alteration can be instigated by forming activist roles for critical pragmatists who rely on external allies to put pressure on the stakeholders who feather their own nest by using non-deliberative, coercive means. Planners with a critical agenda need to know how political transaction costs can actually be changed.