ABSTRACT

The general CPT strategy for dealing with stakeholders who are playing unreasonable power games was outlined in Chapter 2. The main idea is to increase their political transaction costs compared to the transaction costs of parties showing commitment to dialogical ideals – discussing the process and outcome of planning in a non-coercive fashion. Those actors who rely on good arguments, rather than those who exercise the right of the strong, will then be able to infl uence decisions. Studying the potential of activist communicative planning is primarily a continuation of the attempt in Chapter 2 at making it evident that CPT actually has an approach for dealing with power-based strategies on the part of stakeholders.