It is, the study of people in places in the past: the three dimensions of people, space (place) and time (past). These will be explored further in Chapters 3 to 5.

The word ‘archaeology’ is of Greek origin, αρχαιολογια (arkhaiologia), meaning ‘what we can say about ancient times’. As a word, it was useful to help the Greeks distinguish archaeology from the accounts of the past gathered

from people who had witnessed recent events, which was considered as history. This is still a fundamental distinction. Archaeology deals with events and activities directly through physical evidence rather than relying on what people have said or written about these things.