The Second Five Year Plan, extending from 1933 to the end of 1937, was able to build upon the experience of its predecessor and to learn from some of the latter’s mistakes. Under the slogan of “mister technique” and “consolidate the gains already won”, it paid more attention to qualitative improvement both in the work of collective farms and in that of the new plants and industries brought into existence, and it set more modest targets for the increase of labour productivity and the reduction of costs than the first Plan had done. The industrial development which the Second Plan inherited from the First was beginning already in the first few years of the 1930’s to place a serious strain on the transport system. Once the difficulties of its initial year were passed, the progress of the Second Plan was in general much smoother than that of the First.