Benefits of green infrastructure
DOI link for Benefits of green infrastructure
Benefits of green infrastructure book
Without biodiversity there is no green infrastructure. Unfortunately, as a term ‘biodiversity’ is really rather vague and can be considered at the level of genetic variability within a species or population of a species right up to some global measure such as the total number of species on the planet – which is a scientist’s way of looking at it. Another, very anthropogenic (humanfocused) way of viewing biodiversity is to consider what it can and has done for us. Well, biodiversity does rather a lot: it provides us with materials for food, clothing, construction, pharmaceuticals, aesthetic pleasure, oxygen production and carbon dioxide removal, and so much more – such values have been recognised for a long time (Spellerberg, 1992). What have become more, or perhaps simply more widely, recognised are the basic ecosystem services that biodiversity delivers: removing pollutants, acting as air conditioning, insulation, shading, removal and pre-treatment of rainwater, pollination services, increasing values of adjacent property, reducing healthcare costs, etc. Of course, in a kind of circular argument, enhancing green infrastructure can also increase and improve wildlife habitat, which improves the ecosystem services provided by biodiversity (Figure 2.1).