Lifestyles and health
DOI link for Lifestyles and health
Lifestyles and health book
In the Þrst chapter, we saw how an understanding of health and health psychology is incomplete when the focus is merely on the absence of disease and illness. Instead, contemporary health psychology emphasises the beneÞts of positive health states and the related area of health promotion (e.g. Ewles and Simnett, 1995). Within this context, the study of an individualÕs lifestyle is central to our understanding of health. Lifestyle factors such as taking regular exercise and adopting a healthy diet have become of paramount importance. Within a single generation, there have been dramatic changes in our dietary knowledge and habits. For example, in this country, saturated fatty acids, full-fat milk and red meat are being replaced with low saturated fats, semi-skimmed milk and white meat. In addition, we are being encouraged to reduce our intake of agents that may be harmful to our health (e.g. smoking and alcohol). All of these measures are considered to contribute to a ÔhealthierÕ lifestyle.