At this point in the book you have acquired the knowledge necessary to tackle the exam itself. Answering exam questions is a skill that this chapter shows you how to improve. Examiners are able to use their experience of marking exam scripts to show you what to aim for and what to avoid doing in examinations. In particular, there are two main reasons why students may not perform well in exams. The Þrst lies in a failure to answer the speciÞc question(s) set. For example, when asked to write about why patients may not comply (adhere) to medical requests, some students may write about the effectiveness of certain treatments for certain conditions, without any reference to the notion of compliance (adherence)! Even if their answer is well written, it will receive little or no credit if it does not tackle the question set. The second reason why students may not perform well is that they fail to analyse or evaluate a theory or model or psychological study when asked to do so. Instead, these students tend to describe what they were requested to evaluate. In other words, students do not answer the question in the way the examiner wants.