DOI link for Emotional intelligence
Emotional intelligence book
In 1995 the American Dialect Society (1999) selected Emotional Intelligence as the most useful new term. The explosion of interest in the construct arose from Daniel Goleman’s (1995) bestseller – Emotional Intelligence: Why it Can Matter More Than IQ. In this book Goleman, who is both a psychologist and a scientifi c journalist, popularised aspects of the academic work on emotional intelligence fi rst published by Professor John Mayer at the University of New Hampshire,
Professor Peter Salovey at Yale in 1990 (Mayer et al., 1990; Salovey & Mayer, 1990) and the work of Professor Howard Gardner, at Harvard University, on intrapersonal and interpersonal intelligence fi rst published in 1983. Mayer and Salovey presented research fi ndings that suggested that processing information about emotions entailed abilities different from those required to process information about verbal, mathematical, or visuospatial problems contained in traditional intelligence tests. Gardner argued that there were many other intelligences besides that measured by traditional IQ tests. These included the ability to understand and regulate one’s own emotions (intrapersonal intelligence) and the ability to understand and manage relationships (interpersonal intelligence). This was not a new proposition. In the 1920s Edward Thorndike (1874-1949) introduced the idea of social intelligence into American academic psychology (Landy, 2006).