In 1947 the Advisory Council on Education in Scotland published its blueprint for the reconstruction of secondary education in the postwar world. The Council's report is remarkable in several respects, and not least because it proposed a model towards which many people have since been moving again in their search for a rationale for secondary education in the 1980s. The Council recommended, for example, that there should be a national examination for all 16-year-olds at school incorporating elements of both internal and external assessment, and it argued for what was, in effect, to be a core curriculum for all pupils during the greater part of the first four years of their secondary education between ages 12 and 16. This was to have permitted relatively little choice and was to have covered seven areas: English, mathematics, general science, social studies, technical and aesthetic work, physical education and religious education. The Council also favoured the omnibus school providing for all pupils from a fixed area throughout their compulsory secondary education, seeing this as 'the natural way for a democracy to order the post-primary schooling of a given area' (Scottish Education Department, 1947, para. 164). In the mid-1960s the Secretary of State for Scotland adopted the all-through comprehensive school as the preferred form of secondary provision and, in the mid-1970s, the Dunning and Munn Committees substantially restated the Council's main recommendations for assessment and curriculum (Scottish Education Department, 1965a, 1977a, 1977b).