The first of the two chapters that follow has been written largely by school-leavers themselves, in that it draws heavily upon their own accounts of their schooling and of, in particular, the consequences for them of selection during their secondary education. The accounts of non-certificate leavers predominate. Chapter 11 then explores mainly quantitative evidence about leavers who had, so to speak, selected themselves out of school by playing truant. Was this a reaction to their schooling and, if so, was it an unreasonable reaction? Or were other factors responsible?