EVERYONE will agree that no secondary education can be efficient that is not built on a secure foundation of primary education. Of what should that foundation consist? I disagree completely with the Ministry of Education's complacent assertion that1 "already we know tolerably well what good primary education should be." I wish we did. Thanks to Margaret McMillan and her disciples we know something of what good nursery school education should be; in that field of primary education England unquestionably leads the world. But though the nursery school approach, technique, and methods have strongly influenced the infant school, they have not yet had a great effect upon the junior school. Of this the purpose and the content of its curriculum have been perverted from the start, first by the 19th-century conception of elementary education and later by the "Free Place" and "Special Place" examinations. Neither purpose nor content have, in practice, been got anything like clear yet.