ABSTRACT

Inthe1990s,carmobilityinWesternEuropehasturnedoutnottobetheunmixed blessingpromisedinthe1940sand1950s.Tobesure,thecarhasbeenwidely adopted,andithashadatremendousimpactonpublicinfrastructures,butatthe sametime,itpresentsclearlytangibleirritations(congestionproblems),threats (safetyproblems)andrisks(environmentalproblems)toamajorityofcitizens.