Adjectives are conventionally seen as words which describe or qualify nouns and subdivided into qualitative and relative adjectives, to which one might add possessive adjectives (those based on nouns we treat here, those on pronouns are dealt with in Chapter 4), and ordinal numerals (dealt with in Chapter 5). The last two might in certain respects be grouped with the relative adjectives – this may be seen from some of the examples of relative adjectives below. Giving adjectives in their citation form, the nominative singular masculine, we note that qualitative adjectives generally tell us something of the inherent features of a person or thing, for example:

червóний red

слаби́й sick, weak

весе́лий happy

солóдкий sweet, lovely

мýдрий wise

висóкий high