Resource managers are increasingly required to respond to changing societal values and government regulations. In recent years alternative approaches have emerged to facilitate higher levels of local control, influence and participation from local interests. In particular, co-management models provide a way of integrating many of the social, cultural, political and environmental issues, but it often falls short of its potential. In many situations co-management provides the dominant paradigm with an avenue for extending control into indigenous domains in what Rose (1999) refers to as ‘deep colonising’.