The emergence of tribal kingdoms, 54–10 BC
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The emergence of tribal kingdoms, 54–10 BC book
The Caesarian invasion was a traumatic time for the British tribes of the south-east. Suddenly the might of Rome had become a reality. Not only were the tribal leaders made all too aware of the political signiﬁcance of friendship with Rome as a totally new factor in their intertribal dealings, but now that Gaul was notionally a Roman preserve the basis of cross-Channel trading had to be restructured. In the Roman mind the tribes of the south-east who had submitted to Caesar and had entered into treaty relationships with Rome would have been regarded as part of the Roman sphere in much the same way as the tribes of Gaul. This is indeed implied by Horace in his poem Epode (VII, 7-8). The Channel was merely a tiresome irrelevance. It is not surprising therefore that in the immediate post-Caesarian period south-eastern Britain and northern Gaul came to share a broadly similar culture, reﬂected in styles of pottery and modes of burial, bound together by trading networks consumer-led by the demands of Rome. The native aristocracies in both areas demonstrated status by manipulating Roman luxury goods – frequently the accoutrements of the wine-drinking ritual – which were buried with the nobility. In Britain the resulting manifestation is referred to as the Aylesford-Swarling culture and will be considered in more detail in chapter 7.