The Iceni (Figure 8.15)
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The Iceni (Figure 8.15) book
The territory of the Iceni, as deﬁned by the distribution of their coins, centred on Norfolk, stretching westward to the river Nene and southwards probably to the watershed between the Waveney and the Stour. The coinage issued in the area was highly innovative from the beginning (Figure 8.16). The earliest coinage, developing from the Gallo-Belgic C stater, depicted a vigorous wolf, perhaps reﬂecting a tribal totem, but some time around 40 BC the horse was reintroduced in a variety of localized issues. During this period a number of silver units were minted, some of them bearing highly distinctive heads, and new types with a boar paired with the horse also make their appearance. One of these carried the earliest inscription CAN DVRO. Then followed a major change with the introduction of a pattern of backed crescents on the obverses. A number of inscriptions are found on these types – ANTED, ECEN, ED, EDN, ECE, AESV and SAENV – though what kind of issuing authority these names represent, whether king or mint ofﬁcial, it is impossible to say. The latest coin, issued for Prasutagus, client king of the Iceni after the Roman Conquest, emphasizes the problem with its Latin legend SUB RI PRASTO ESICO FECIT (under the authority of King Prasto, Esico made me).