Northern Scotland (Figure 9.6)
DOI link for Northern Scotland (Figure 9.6)
Northern Scotland (Figure 9.6) book
The Highland Massif, the homeland of the Caledonians, divides the area into two: the eastern coastal region occupied by the Venicones, the Vacomagi and the Taezali; and the north and west coasts and islands (the Atlantic province) settled by the Epidii, Creones, Carnonacae, Caereni, Cornovii, Smertae, Lugi and Decantae. In the north-eastern region the basic folk culture continued largely unchanged. Defended settlement sites, duns, hillforts and occasional brochs occur but are relatively little known in archaeological terms. It was through this area that the last campaigns of Agricola were fought, and it was somewhere here that the great army of the Caledonians under their leader Calgacus met its defeat, leaving the countryside depleted for a generation or two. Events of this magnitude must have left their mark on the settlement pattern but it still remains to be deﬁned.