The beginnings of Iron Age studies
DOI link for The beginnings of Iron Age studies
The beginnings of Iron Age studies book
That an ‘Iron Age’ existed at all was suggested by the Danish archaeologist C.J. Thomsen, in a book published in 1836, but it was not until G. Ramsauer’s excavation at Hallstatt, between 1846 and 1862, and the discoveries made at La Tène in 1858, that any permanent chronological divisions could be made. Then followed several schemes: C. Schumacher divided the Hallstatt material into four groups: A (1000-800 BC), B (800-700), C (700-600) and D (600-500); while G.O.A. Montelius, working on French discoveries, propounded three periods for the La Tène epoch: I (400-250 BC), II (250-150 BC) and III (150-1 BC). Subsequently P. Reinecke, J. Déchelette, R. Viollier and others evolved ﬁner and differing classiﬁcations inﬂuenced by new material and by regional considerations. It was against this background that the British ﬁnds came to be interpreted.