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Some brochs form the central element of considerable settlements. The best known of these is Gurness on Orkney (Figures 14.19 and 14.20) where fourteen conjoined buildings cluster around the broch, all lying within the protection of a double-walled enclosure. Similar settlements are found at Howe, Midhouse and Lingro. In the case of Gurness and Howe there is evidence that the external settlements were broadly contemporary with the main occupation of their broch. In these instances we are clearly dealing with large social groupings, the extra broch settlement presumably housing the dependants of the broch owner. A consideration of routes of access through the settlement to the broch supports the view that in these complexes the brochs would have housed the élite (Foster 1989).