Glossary of Spanish Terms
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Glossary of Spanish Terms book
Acuerdo — Periodical sessions held jointly by the viceroy and the oidores to discuss matters of political administration.
Alcabala — Sales tax. Alcalde de corte — Same as alcalde del crimen. Alcalde del crimen — Judge of the criminal division of the audiencia. Alcalde mayor-Chief Spanish magistrate of a district; also known as
corregidor. Alcalde ordinario — City magistrate, having jurisdiction in both civil and
criminal cases; usually two per municipality. Alcaldía mayor — The district ruled by an alcalde mayor. Alférez real — The member of a cabildo in charge of bearing the city stan-
dard. Alguacil — A bailiff or constable, appointed by both secular and ecclesias-
tical authorities. Alguacil mayor-Chief constable. Altepetl — Pre-Hispanic indigenous territorial units or, in an approximate
translation, city-states or local ethnic states, which would become the pueblos de indios of the colonial era.