ABSTRACT

As we know, in considering the concepts of the superego and the ego ideal over the years, Freud vacillated between, on the one hand, regarding them as synonymous and, on the other, distinguishing clearly between them (Freud 1921, 1923, 1933). Grinberg and Grinberg (1978) emphasize the value of maintaining a distinction between the two concepts. In the classical description given by Freud himself (1923), the origins of the superego are stated to lie in the dissolution of the Oedipus complex, while its speciﬁc anxiety is deemed to stem from the fear of castration.