Admiral James L. Holloway’s carrier battle group concept was an important organizational change in the fleet’s approach to fighting battles. When used to their best advantage, the combined resources of the carrier battle group provided a robust counter to the three-dimensional and simultaneous threats of modern warfare.1 Creating a naval combined arms force, however, required effective command and control that could take advantage of the complementary characteristics of different platforms. Command and control refers both to the process and to the system by which the commander decides what must be done and ensures that his decisions are carried out.2